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A

Agar Gum

is a dried hydrophilic, colloidal polygalactoside extracted from Gelidium Cartilagineum, Gracilaria Confervoides and related red algae.

Alfalfa (Dehydrated)

Dehydrated alfalfa is a meal product resulting from the rapid drying of alfalfa by artificial means.

Alfalfa Nutrient Concentrate

A concentrated form of alfalfa nutrition

Anchovy

A small fish. Preserved in salt and oil.

Anchovy Meal

is the clean, dried, ground tissue of the small, marine Anchovy fish.

Animal Fat

is a by-product of rendering, the same high temperature process that’s also used to make meat meal.

Apple Cider Vinegar

made from fermented apple juice, and used in salad dressings, marinades, vinaigrette, food preservatives, and chutneys.

Ascorbic Acid

a vitamin found particularly in citrus fruits and green vegetables. It is essential in maintaining healthy connective tissue, and is also thought to act as an antioxidant. Severe deficiency causes scurvy.

Alfalfa

a leguminous plant with clover-like leaves and bluish flowers, native to southwestern Asia and widely grown for fodder.

Alfalfa Meal Concentrate

is an all natural fertilizer made from fermented alfalfa plants.

Almond

An edible nut, oval in shape with a woody shell. Often used in cooking / baking

Alligator

Meat from an alligator

Alligator Meal

All alligator tissues, exclusive of blood, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Apple

A fruit – numerous different species. Colors are usually green and red.

Avocado

A pear shaped fruit, with rough skin and oily edible flesh. Often eaten in salads, dips and cooking.

B

Bacon

Salt-cured pork.

Barley

A major cultivated cereal grain. Often in beer.

Barley Grass (Organic)

is the leaf portion of the barley plant (Hordeum vulgare ) that remains after the seeds have been removed.

Beef

The flesh of a cow, bull or ox.

Beef Fat

The fat of beef.

Beef Hide

The skin of beef. Typically made into beef raw hide.

Beef Kidney

The kidney of a cow, bull, or ox.

Beef Meal

All beef tissues, exclusive of blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Beet (Beetroot)

A red, cultivated edible plant.

Biotin

Biotin is a water-soluble B-vitamin that helps your body convert food into energy. It is especially important during pregnancy and breastfeeding. In addition, biotin is important for the health of hair, skin and nails.

Bison Meal

All bison or buffalo tissues, exclusive of blood, hair, hoof, horn, hide trimmings, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Bone Meal

A mixture of finely and coarsely ground animal bones and slaughter-house waste products.

Brewers Yeast

A yeast that is used in breadmaking and other things. It is also consumed as a source of vitamin B and is used in laboratories as an important research organism.

Broccoli

Broccoli is an edible green plant in the cabbage family whose large flowering head and stalk is eaten as a vegetable.

Brown Sugar

Brown sugar is a sucrose sugar product with a distinctive brown color due to the presence of molasses. It is either an unrefined or partially refined soft sugar consisting of sugar crystals with some residual molasses content.

Banana

A long, curved fruit with edible flesh and yellow skin.

Basil

An aromatic herb from the mint family.

Bee Pollen

As they collect nectar from flower blossoms, bees also gather pollen, a high-protein food, to carry back to the hive. It is collected from hives and sold as a health supplement, has long been prized for its proteins, amino acids, vitamins, enzymes, and other nutrients.

Beef Broth

A savory liquid made of water in which beef bones have been simmered.

Beef Heart

The heart of a cow, bull, or ox.

Beef Jerky

Beef that has been cured with a salt solution and has had the moisture reduced to less than 50% of the total. It is typically brown colored and has a rough texture.

Beef Liver

The liver of a cow, bull, or ox.

Beef Tallow

A rendered or cooked form of beef fat.

Beet (Beetroot) (Dried)

The dried form of a beet.

 

Bison (Buffalo)

Meat from a bison or buffalo

Blueberry

the small sweet blue-black edible berry of the blueberry plant.

Brewers Rice

Brewers’ rice is the small milled fragments of rice kernels that have been separated from the larger kernels of milled rice.

Brewers Yeast (Dried)

The dried out form of a yeast that is used in breadmaking and other things. It is also consumed as a source of vitamin B and is used in laboratories as an important research organism.

Brown Rice

Brown rice is whole-grain rice with the inedible outer hull removed.

C

Calcium Carbonate

Added to pet food for 3 primary reasons. First, it is an inexpensive source of calcium, which is an essential mineral for dogs and cats. Second, it is used as a preservative. Thirdly, it is used as a color retention agent.

Calcium Iodate

A source of iodine. Iodine is naturally found in seaweed and ocean fish.

Calcium Sulfate

A naturally occurring calcium salt.

Canola Oil

A vegetable oil derived from a variety of rapeseed that is low in erucic acid.

Carnitine

A quaternary ammonium compound involved in metabolism in most mammals, plants and some bacteria.

Cashew Nut

Edible kidney shaped nut. Rich in oil and protein.

Catfish Meal

All catfish tissues, exclusive of blood, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Celery (Dried)

Celery has a long fibrous stalk tapering into leaves.

Chicken

Most common type of poultry.

Chicken By Product

Chicken by-product meal is a high-protein commodity used as a major component in some pet foods. It is made from grinding clean, rendered parts of chicken carcasses and can contain bones, offal and undeveloped eggs, but only contains feathers that are unavoidable in the processing of the chicken parts.

Chicken Heart

The heart of a chicken.

Chicken Meal

All chicken tissues, exclusive of blood, feathers, claws, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Chickpeas (Garbanzo Beans)

Cultivated legume. High in protein.

Chicory Root Extract

The extract of a chicory root.

Cilantro

An annual herb in the family Apiaceae. All parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds are the parts most traditionally used in cooking.

Coconut Oil

An edible oil extracted from the coconut.

Collard Greens

Loose-leafed cultivars of Brassica oleracea, the same species as many common vegetables, including cabbage and broccoli.

Corn

The leafy stalk of the plant produces pollen inflorescences and separate ovuliferous inflorescences called ears that yield kernels or seeds, which are fruits.

Corn Meal

Cornmeal is a meal ground from dried corn. It is a common staple food, and is ground to fine, medium, and coarse consistencies

Cranberry

Very small, red coloured fruit.

Calcium Chloride

A source of the essential B vitamin choline that naturally occurs in animal and plant sources, especially in eggs, liver, fish, meats, soybeans, and wheat germ.

Calcium Pantothenate

A source of vitamin B5 or pantothenic acid. Its natural form is commonly found in most foods including meat, vegetables, eggs, milk, cereal grains, and more.

Canola Meal

Canola meal is the ground meal that is left after the oil has been pressed from canola seeds.

Caramel Color

A brownish, water-soluble food coloring.

Carrot (Dried)

Orange colored, tapering root vegetable that has been dried.

Catfish

A freshwater or marine fish with barbels resembling whiskers around the mouth, typically bottom-dwelling.

Catnip

A perennial herb that is a member of the mint family. The chemical compound in the plant that attracts and affects mainly cats is called nepetalactone. It is found in the leaves and stems.

Cheddar Cheese

A relatively hard cheese that can differ in taste and texture.

Chicken Broth

Broth is a savory liquid made of water in which chicken bones have been simmered.

Chicken Fat

The fat of a chicken.

Chicken Liver

The liver of a chicken.

Chicory Root

A flowering plant in the dandelion family that is characterized by a tough, hairy stem, light purple flowers and leaves that are commonly used in salads.

Chicory Root Extract (Dried)

The dried form of a chicory root.

Choline Chloride

Choline chloride is a source of the essential B vitamincholine that naturally occurs in animal and plant sources, especially in eggs, liver, fish, meats, soybeans, and wheat germ.

Cod Liver Oil

Oil pressed from the fresh liver of cod, which is rich in vitamins D and A.

Copper Sulfate

A copper compound found in many pet foods.

Corn Gluten

Corn gluten meal is the principal protein of corn endosperm consisting mainly of zein and glutelin. It is a byproduct of corn processing that has historically been used as an animal feed.

Crab

A crustacean with edible flesh.

D

Dandelion Greens

Dandelion greens are the leaves of the dandelion plant, which is easily recognizable by its yellow flower and its status as a weed in yards around the world.

Duck

A water bird, known for its short legs and webbed feet.

Duck Liver

The liver of a duck.

Dicalcium Phosphate

A feed-grade source of Calcium and Phosphorus suitable for supplementation in dog food. Considered a palatable way to give your dog important minerals such as phosphorus, calcium and fluorine.

Duck Gizzard

An organ found in the duck’s digestive tract.

Duck Meal

All duck tissues, exclusive of blood, feathers, feet, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

E

E 306 Natural tocopherols (Vitamin E)

An antioxidant for polyunsaturated fatty acids in tissue fats and is used in meat pies, desert toppings and vegetable oils as well as a vitamin supplement.

E 308 Gamma-tocopherol (Tocopherol)

An antioxidant for polyunsaturated fatty acids as well as a vitamin.

Elk

One of the largest species within the deer family.

Egg Yolk

The yellow internal part of an egg. Often rich in vitamins, minerals, lipids, and proteins.

E 307 Alpha-tocopherol (Tocopherol)

An antioxidant and is used in pork pies and sausages as well as a vitamin supplement.

E 309 Delta-tocopherol (Tocopherol)

Found in most foods, it is abundant in, whole grain cereals, corn and cottonseed oils, egg yolks, meat and milk.

Egg white

The clear, viscous substance surrounding the egg yolk. Turns white when cooked.

F

Fenugreek Seed

Fenugreek is a plant but it’s seeds are a staple of the Indian Subcontinent cuisines particularly as a spice while fresh leaves are used for making curries. It is a power house of many B vitamins (thiamin, folic acid, riboflavin, pyridoxine) and vitamin A and C as well as minerals such as iron, potassium, calcium, selenium, copper, zinc, manganese and magnesium. Additionally, it is a good source of fiber.

Fish Broth

A broth typically made with fish bones and fish heads.

Flaxseed

Also known as linseed – used in oils and baking.

Ferrous Sulfate

Ferrous sulfate is a source of iron. It is a major source of the protein hemoglobin, which transports oxygen through the bloodstream.

Fish Meal

All fish tissues, exclusive of blood, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Folic Acid

A vitamin of the B complex, found especially in leafy green vegetables, liver, and kidney.

G

Garlic

Pungent bulb, used in cooking and medicines.

Ginger (Organic)

The organic form of a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used.

Goats Milk

Milk from the goat.

Ground Yellow Corn

Specifically yellow corn ground to a thin consistency.

Gelatin

Gelatin has the E number E441. It is a translucent, colorless, flavorless food ingredient, derived from collagen taken from animal body parts. It is brittle when dry and gummy when moist.

Glucosamine Hydrochloride

An amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids.

Green Bean (Organic)

The organic form of the unripe, young fruit and protective pods of various cultivars of the common bean.

Guar Gum

Guar gum, also called guaran, is a galactomannan polysaccharide extracted from guar beans that has thickening and stabilizing properties useful in the food, feed and industrial applications. The guar seeds are mechanically dehusked, hydrated, milled and screened according to application.

H

Halibut

Northern marine fish, eaten worldwide.

Hemp

A strain of the Cannabis sativa plant. Hemp is classified to contain 0.3% or less of THC.

Herring

Small, silvery fish. Widely eaten.

Herring Oil

Herring oil is an animal oil and is obtained from the fatty tissue of fish of the herring type by boiling and subsequent expression. It has a characteristic odor and taste.

Honey (Organic)

The organic form of a sweet, viscous food substance produced by bees and some related insects. Bees produce honey from the sugary secretions of plants or from secretions of other insects, by regurgitation, enzymatic activity, and water evaporation.

Ham

Ham is pork from a leg cut that has been preserved by wet or dry curing, with or without smoking. As a processed meat, the term “ham” includes both whole cuts of meat and ones that have been mechanically formed.

Hemp Seed Oil

Oil extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant.

Herring Meal

Herring Meal is the ground and dried protein product that remains after oil and moisture have been extracted in the normal rendering process.

High Fructose Corn Syrup

A type of artificial sugar made from corn syrup.

I

Inositol

A sugar alcohol synthesized by most plants and animals.

Inulin

Naturally occurring polysaccharides produced by many types of plants, industrially most often extracted from chicory.

K

Kangaroo

The largest living marsupials from the family Macropodidae.

Kelp

Kelp is large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales. There are about 30 different genera. Kelp grows in “underwater forests” in shallow oceans.

L

Lactobacillus Acidophilus

A homofermentative, microaerophilic species, fermenting sugars into lactic acid, and grows readily at rather low pH values. Occurs naturally in the human and animal gastrointestinal tract and mouth.

Lamb Meal

The dry rendered part from mammal tissues, specially prepared for feeding purposes by tanking under live steam or dry rendering.

Lobster

Lobsters are a family of large marine crustaceans. Lobsters have long bodies with muscular tails, and live in crevices or burrows on the sea floor. Three of their five pairs of legs have claws, including the first pair, which are usually much larger than the others.

Lamb

Flesh of a young sheep.

Lecithin

Yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues which are amphiphilic – they attract both water and fatty substances, and are used for smoothing food textures, emulsifying, homogenizing liquid mixtures, and repelling sticking materials.

M

Mackerel

Frequently eaten fish. Greenish-blue in color.

Millet

Cereal mostly used to make flour.

Milk

Specifically cow’s milk. The white liquid food produced by the mammary glands of cows.

Mussel

Mussel is the common name used for members of several families of bivalve mollusks, from saltwater and freshwater habitats.

Manganese Proteinate

A chelated source of manganese and is an antioxidant. It slows down the process of aging, activates many enzymes and helps utilize fatty acids.

Manganese Sulfate

A compound that is a source of manganese. Known for helping metabolism, nervous system function, and normal bone development.

Menhaden

Menhaden, also known as mossbunker and bunker, are forage fish of the genera Brevoortia and Ethmidium, two genera of marine fish in the family Clupeidae.

N

Niacin

A form of vitamin B3. It is found in foods such as yeast, meat, fish, milk, eggs, green vegetables, and cereal grains. Niacin is also produced in the body from tryptophan, which is found in protein-containing food.

North Atlantic Flatfish Plaice

A North Atlantic flatfish that belongs, along with other right-eyed flounders, to the Pleuronectidae family.

O

Oat

A species of cereal grain grown for its seed, which is known by the same name.

Oatmeal

A type of coarse flour made of hulled oat grains – groats – that have either been milled (ground), steel-cut, or rolled. Rolled oats can be either thick or thin, and may be “old-fashioned”, or “quick”, or “instant”.

Omega 3 Fatty Acid

A fatty acid which helps keep blood levels stable and helps ease joint stiffness/pain.

Oregano Powder

A warm and aromatic yet slightly bitter herb in the mint family. Ground into powder form.

P

Oat Groats

The hulled kernels of various cereal grains- in this instance, from oats. Groats are whole grains that include the cereal germ and fiber-rich bran portion of the grain, as well as the endosperm.

Ocean Fish Meal

The clean, rendered (cooked down), dried ground tissue of undecomposed whole ocean fish or ocean fish cuttings, either or both, with or without the extraction of part of the oil.

Onion (Dried)

Onions that remain in the ground and are not harvested until they have matured into a larger round onion with dried leaves.

Oyster

A salt-water bivalve mollusk that lives in marine or brackish habitats.

Parsley (Organic)

The organic version of a species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae that is native to the central Mediterranean region, but has naturalized elsewhere in Europe, and is widely cultivated as a herb, a spice, and a vegetable.

Pea Protein

A high-quality, easily digested protein source made from yellow peas. It’s rich in iron, arginine and branched-chain amino acids and offers benefits like improved muscle growth, feelings of fullness and heart health.

Peanut Butter

A food paste or spread made from ground dry-roasted peanuts. It often contains additional ingredients that modify the taste or texture, such as salt, sweeteners, or emulsifiers.

Peas (Dried)

The dried version of the pea. It is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit Pisum sativum. Each pod contains several peas, which can be green or yellow.

Pheasant Gizzard

An organ in the digestive tract of a pheasant.

Pheasant Liver

The liver of a pheasant.

Pork

Pork is the culinary name for meat from a domestic pig.

Pork Heart

The heart of a pig.

Pork Liver

The liver of a pig.

Pork Skins

Also called pork rind. It can be baked.

Potato

A starchy plant tuber which is one of the most important food crops.

Potato Starch

Starch extracted from potatoes.

Powdered Cellulose

A white, odorless powder that is most often produced as a low value byproduct of agriculture (e.g. corn stover, sugarcane bagasse, straw) or as waste material from saw mills and paper mills. Typically a poor choice of fiber for pets.

Pumpkin

A large rounded orange-yellow fruit with a thick rind, edible flesh, and many seeds.

Pea Fiber

A natural way to increase fiber without effecting texture or taste. Pea fiber can also help decrease the fat content of a product. Used typically as a filler.

Peanut

A legume crop grown mainly for its edible seeds.

Pearled Barley

Whole grain barley that has been processed to remove its fibrous outer hull and polished to remove some or all of the bran layer.

Pheasant

A large long-tailed game bird native to Asia, the male of which typically has very showy plumage.

Pheasant Heart

The heart of a pheasant.

Phosphoric Acid

A clear, colorless liquid that is added to foods primarily as an acidifier but is also used effectively as a flavoring, emulsifier and to prevent discoloration.

Pork Fat

The fat on the meat of a pig.

Pork Kidney

The kidney of a pig.

Pork Meal

All pig tissues, exclusive of blood, hooves, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Potassium Chloride

A naturally occurring mineral that is sometimes added to dog foods as a potassium supplement. Helps maintain fluid balance, while also helping with nerve and muscle functions.

Potato Flour

Flour made from potatoes by dehydrated and crushing very fine.

Poultry Fat

Fat from poultry.

Psyllium Seed Husk

A form of fiber made from the husks of the Plantago ovata plant’s seeds. It sometimes goes by the name ispaghula. It’s most commonly known as a laxative.

Pyridoxine Hydrochloride

Pyridoxine hydrochloride is a source of the essential B-complex vitamin pyridoxine. A component of enzymes needed for protein metabolism.

Q

Quail

A small, short-tailed game bird.

Quinoa Powder (Organic)

The organic form of dried and ground up quinoa.

Quinoa

An annual seed-producing flowering plant grown as a grain crop. It is a pseudocereal, not a grass, unlike wheat and rice. It is botanically related to spinach. Quinoa seeds are rich in protein, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and dietary minerals in amounts greater than in many grains. It is gluten-free.

R

Rabbit

A small mammal with fluffy, short tails, whiskers and distinctive long ears.

Rabbit Liver

The liver of a rabbit.

Raspberry

An edible soft fruit, consisting of a cluster of reddish-pink drupelets.

Rice Bran

Bran, also known as miller’s bran, is the hard outer layers of cereal grain. It consists of the combined aleurone and pericarp. Along with germ, it is an integral part of whole grains, and is often produced as a byproduct of milling in the production of refined grains.

Rosemary

A woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers. Frequently used in dog food as a natural anti-oxidant and preservative.

Rabbit Heart

The heart of a rabbit.

Rabbit Meal

All rabbit tissues, exclusive of blood, feet, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Riboflavin

A yellow vitamin of the B complex which is essential for metabolic energy production. It is present in many foods, especially milk, liver, eggs, and green vegetables, and is also synthesized by the intestinal flora.

Rice Flour

Rice flour is a form of flour made from finely milled rice.

Rye

A grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop.

S

Sage

A perennial, evergreen subshrub, with woody stems, grayish leaves, and blue to purplish flowers.

Salmon Meal

All salmon tissues that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Sardine Meal

All sardine tissues that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Sea Bass

Any of a number of marine fishes that are related to or resemble the common perch.

Sodium Chloride

An ionic compound. Known as salt.

Sole Fish

A type of lean flatfish.

Soy Grits

Soy grits are made from lightly toasted soybeans that have been ground into coarse pieces. The toasting brings out a nutty flavor.

Soy Protein Concentrate

Basically defatted soy flour without the water-soluble carbohydrates. It is made by removing part of the carbohydrates (soluble sugars) from dehulled and defatted soybeans.

Soybean Meal

Soybean meal is typically produced from the residue left after oil extraction.

Spinach

A leafy-green flowering vegetable. Benefits eye health, reduces oxidative stress, helps prevent cancer, and reduces blood pressure levels.

Steamed Oats

Oats that have been steamed.

Sucrose

A disaccharide, a molecule composed of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose. Sucrose is produced naturally in plants, from which table sugar is refined.

Sunflower Seed

The hard-shelled edible seed of a plant of the daisy family.

Salmon

An oily fish. Salmon is considered to be healthy due to the fish’s high protein, high omega-3 fatty acids, and high vitamin D content.

Sardine

A young pilchard or other young or small herring-like fish.

Sardine Oil

The oil from a sardine fish.

Shrimp

A small free-swimming crustacean with an elongated body.

Sodium Selenate

An inorganic compound, NOT to be confused with sodium selenite. Chosen for its selenium content and high solubility, sodium selenate is a common ingredient in over-the-counter vitamin supplements. Selenium is a trace essential element.

Soy Flour

Whole bean flour milled from raw soy beans.

Soy Lecithin

Typically extracted from cottonseed, marine sources, milk, rapeseed, soybeans and sunflower. Composed of choline, fatty acids, glycerol, glycolipids, phospholipids, phosphoric acid and triglycerides.

Soy Protein Isolate

Made much the same way as soy protein concentrate, except all non-protein components, including carbohydrates and fiber, are removed from the defatted soy beans.

Soybean Oil

Oil extracted from the soybean.

Squash

A genus of herbaceous vines in the gourd family.

Strawberry

Known for its characteristic aroma, bright red color, juicy texture, and sweetness.

Sunflower Oil

The non-volatile oil pressed from the seeds of sunflower.

Sweet Potato

A large, starchy, sweet-tasting, tuberous roots that is a root vegetable.

T

Tapioca

A starch extracted from the storage roots of the cassava plant. Provides only carbohydrate food value, and is low in protein, vitamins and minerals. In other countries, it is used as a thickening agent in various manufactured foods.

Taurine

A type of amino acid.

Tomato Pomace

An inexpensive by-product of tomato manufacturing. Effectively, it is what is left over after processing tomatoes for juice, ketchup, soup, etc.

Tuna

A saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini.

Turkey Broth

Broth made from turkey bones.

Turkey Gizzard

An organ found in the digestive tract of a turkey.

Turkey Meal

All turkey tissues, exclusive of blood, claws, feathers, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

Tapioca Starch

A starchy white flour that has a slight sweet flavor to it.

Tilapia

A mainly freshwater fish inhabiting shallow streams, ponds, rivers, and lakes, and less commonly found living in brackish water.

Trout

A chiefly freshwater fish of the salmon family.

Turkey

A large mainly domesticated game bird.

Turkey Giblets

The hearts, livers, and throat of a turkey.

Turkey Liver

The liver of the turkey.

Turmeric (Curcuma) (Organic)

The plant is a perennial, rhizomatous, herbaceous plant native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. The rhizomes are used fresh or boiled in water and dried, after which they are ground into a deep orange-yellow powder commonly used as a coloring and flavoring agent.

V

Vegetable Broth

A broth made from vegetables.

Venison

Meat from a deer.

Vegetable Oil

Oil derived from vegetables.

Venison Meal

All deer tissues, exclusive of blood, hooves, manure, stomach and rumen contents that are cooked (rendered). After cooking, the dried solids are added as “meal” to pet food.

W

Wheat Flour

Powder made from the grinding of wheat.

Wheat Middlings

The product of the wheat milling process that is not flour. A good source of protein, fiber, phosphorus, and other nutrients.

Whitefish

Generic term for many types of white fish.

Whole Grain Barley

Barley is highest in fiber of all the whole grains. It is high in antioxidants, vitamins and minerals.

Whole Grain Sorghum

A gluten free grain with a hearty texture and mild, nutty flavor.

Wheat Gluten

The main protein found in wheat.

White Rice

Milled rice that has had its husk, bran, and germ removed.

Whitefish Meal

Made from the meat, bones, and offal left over from processing fish used for human consumption.

Whole Grain Oats

One of the few well-known grains that almost never has its bran and germ eliminated during processing.

Y

Yam

The common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea that form edible tubers.

Yeast (Dried)

The dried eukaryotic single-celled microorganism classified as a member of the fungus kingdom.

Yeast Culture

A cultivated growth of the yeast organism.

Yucca Schidigera Extract

The extract of a flowering plant that is native to the Mojave Desert, Chihuahuan Desert and Sonoran Desert of southeastern California, Baja California, New Mexico, southern Nevada and Arizona. Help supports joint-health and inflammation.

Z

Zinc Sulfate

An inorganic compound and dietary supplement. As a supplement it is used to treat zinc deficiency and to prevent the condition in those at high risk. Side effects of excess supplementation may include abdominal pain, vomiting, headache, and tiredness.